A trauma can be a cut or blow to any part of the body. It results in discoloration of the skin. It leaves a black and blue mark on the skin. The body clears the pooled blood under the skin. The accumulation of bilirubin in a bruise, as it heals, causes the area to itch. A bruise that itches is a common phenomenon. You need not panic about it unless it is intense and shows symptoms like swelling or fever.
There are several ways to treat itching bruises but let us first see how they are formed. It is foremost important to understand how bruises that itch form. Bruises form when the tiny blood vessels, also known as capillaries, in the skin break. It may happen as a result of traumatic injury or vigorous exercise. The blood collects in the tissues around the vessels. They develop as pink or red colored discoloration in the skin due to hemoglobin.
Bruises gradually develop a blue or purple color within few hours. It indicates the falling level of oxygen in the pooled blood. Within five days, a chemical compound named biliverdin forms.
It forms due to biochemical breakdown of hemoglobin. The bruises turn to greenish color. Then comes the final healing stage. The bruises turn to pale yellow or brown depending on the level of bilirubin. The rising level of this chemical compound can cause a deep bruise to itch.
Why do bruises itch? The primary cause of a bruise as already discussed is trauma or vigorous exercise. Unexplained bruising can appear on thigh, leg, arm, or back that later turn itchy. The bruises in leg take more time to heal than the arm or other parts. Sometimes the bruise can occur without any injury. Some causes for such itchy bruises are:.
Your skin contains a fatty tissue layer. It supports the blood vessels against external infringements.My inner thighs begins to itch uncontrollably:. I have used Cortaid to control the itching and it does for a short short while. Any suggestions out there? Discussions By Condition: Skin conditions. Bruising after itching inner thigh. Posted In: Skin conditions 33 Replies. I have that on my outer thighs. The only other time that happened my liver enzymes were off so I'm calling my doctor about it.
Maybe get a liver panel. I get the exact same thing and now it is occurring on my left upper breast. There is a lump under the skin when this happens but it eventually heals Wow I just googled "Bruising after itching" and I found this topic.
The exact same thing has happened to me just today. Yesterday my out thigh itched really bad. I look and noticed what appeared to be a rash of some sort. Then today, there is a huge very ugly bruise.
Anyone know what this is all about? The Exact same thing happened to me twice now and i have absolutely no idea how, or why it keeps happening. If Anybody finds out please let the rest of us know!!! This was happening to me too, during a bad reaction to no-see-um bites picked up in Florida.
Thankfully, after 3 miserable weeks, I'm pretty much better now. Can non-see-um bites be a common factor for any of the rest of you? I totally just google "bruises and itching," picked up this thread, and now:I have the same problem.
10 Unexpected Signs Bruising Is Part Of A Larger Health Condition
This is very rare for me. I don't bruise easily, and I never itch!How to tell if a rash needs medical attention
What's wrong??At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date. Our team periodically reviews articles in order to ensure content quality. The sources cited below consist of evidence from peer-reviewed journals, prominent medical organizations, academic associations, and government data. The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider.
Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. Although we strive to deliver accurate and up-to-date information, no guarantee to that effect is made. Bruises result from broken blood vessels that leak near the skin's surface, and can appear as black, blue, purple, yellow or green areas on the skin. Fortunately, bruising as a result of scratching dry skin is preventable and treatable through lifestyle changes and self-care. Bruises related to scratching might result from a medical condition, such as eczema, that caused the dry skin, or from personal behaviors, such as scratching too hard or frequently.
Bruises from scratching dry skin might appear swollen, feel tender to the touch, appear as lines across the skin and occur all over the body. Primary care physicians and dermatologists identify and diagnose the causes of bruising and dry skin. Patients might receive a physical exam and undergo blood tests for diagnosis of medical conditions that cause bruising and itching.
Women, people who are elderly and those who take blood thinners such as aspirin are more likely to easily bruise after scratching dry skin. According to the Mayo Clinic, recommendations for treating bruises include elevating the affected area, applying cold packs several times daily and using a pain reliever such as acetaminophen 2.
Using a daily moisturizer, avoiding prolonged exposure to sunlight and hot showers or baths, and wearing long sleeves and pants can protect the skin from bruises and reduce the urge to scratch. Jessica Lietz has been writing about health-related topics since She has several years of experience in genetics research, survey design, analysis and epidemiology, working on both infectious and chronic diseases.
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More Articles. Mayo Clinic: Bruise First Aid Mayo Clinic: Easy Bruising The information contained on this site is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for the advice of a professional health care provider. Written by Jessica Lietz. About the Author.Leukemia is a type of cancer that affects white blood cells. Symptoms include nausea, fever, and anemia. People with leukemia can also experience skin-related issues, such as a rash. The majority of rashes have no link to cancer and should resolve without treatment or with over-the-counter medication.
Leukemia impairs the development of white blood cells and causes them to stop functioning correctly. Unlike healthy cells, the affected cells do not die when they should. Instead, they continue spreading, eventually overcrowding the healthy cells in the blood. When leukemia progresses to a certain point, the multiplication of abnormal blood cells disrupts the production of platelets. As a result, there may not be enough platelets to block any burst capillaries, and blood can leak out into the skin.
This leakage can cause tiny red, purple, or brown spots called petechiae to emerge on the skin. Small collections of these petechiae can form, giving the appearance of a rash. A method that people can use to distinguish petechiae from a rash is to press down on the affected area of skin using a finger or thumb. Petechiae will not change color, but a rash will turn white. Having an insufficient number of healthy blood cells can cause a range of other skin problemsincluding:.
Without enough platelets in the blood, the body cannot prevent blood vessels from bleeding under the skin upon injury. In people with leukemia, abnormally large amounts of blood tend to escape from cuts and other skin wounds. Even the smallest injuries can cause bleeding at the surface of the skin.
Again, this is due to the lack of platelets available to form a blockage and stop blood escaping from the wound. Anemia is a condition in which a person has an abnormally low red blood cell count, which can cause the skin to appear pale. Red blood cells contain a protein called hemoglobin, which carries oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. A reduction in hemoglobin lowers the amount of oxygen circulating in the body, which can have severe effects.
Rashes and other skin problems are widespread and often no cause for concern. However, people with more persistent rashes that may be petechiae should see a doctor immediately as identifying the cause of the rash is crucial.
A range of conditions other than leukemia can cause petechiae. It is vital for a doctor to examine the skin and determine the severity of the condition. Learn more about other possible causes of skin rashes. Some people may always bruise or bleed more easily than others as a result of genetic factors. However, anyone who notices that they have started bruising or bleeding more easily than they did previously should see a doctor. These symptoms may signify a medical condition, such as leukemia.
As with any cancerthe early detection of leukemia is crucial to the success of treatment. There will be an estimated 60, new cases of leukemia in the United States in The relatively high incidence of this disease means that it is necessary for people to be cautious and discuss any doubts or uncertainties with a doctor. There is a huge variety of rashes that can vary significantly in appearance. Some may appear in small patches on the body, and others may spread…. Leukemia and lymphoma are both types of blood cancer that affect the white blood cells.Report Abuse.
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6 signs unexplained bruising may be worrisome
Bruises that Itch: Possible Causes and Treatments
About 2 weeks ago before this all started, I had my blood drawn and my WBC were a tiny bit elevated i cant remember the exact number, but it was a very tiny elevation and it also said I had a bit of a liver elevation????
The I called and told the drs about this and they said after a couple weeks if the itching doesnt go away then to come in, they said the bruises are from itching, I have never bruised easily as far as I can remember and I really dont think I am scratching hard enough to bruise myself. Can a liver elevation cause itching and bruising? They never really said anything about it. Could that have something to do with it? It doesnt thin your blood does it?? I really dont have any other symptoms other than itching and bruising.
The bruises do go away after a short time but new ones come to replace them, what could it be? Answer Question. Read 8 Responses. Follow - 6. Bhupinder Kaur, MD. Hello, Liver enlargement or hepatomegaly can lead to deranged liver functions which can cause itching on the body. Easy bruisability can also be due to liver dysfunction.
Inflammation of the liver hepatitis and cirrhosis reduces the production of chemical clotting factors. These clotting factors normally stop little bits of bleeding under the skin by blood clotting. Due to reduction of liver clotting factors and platelets, this would tend to cause easy bruising, which is actually bleeding under the skin.
I hope that helps. Take care and pls do keep me posted on how you are doing or if you have any additional doubts. Kind regards. I have similar situation I am an hepatitis B carrier. I would check with my doctor very soon. Thank for the information.Random, unexplained bruising on legs is a problem that some people know only too well. If you are one of them, then you have come to the right place. This article will detail the common causes of bruises and highlight the various treatment options.
These are detailed below:. Injury : Bruises appear when small blood vessels capillaries close to the surface of the skin get broken as a result of injury, strenuous activities, or from the force of impact and leak blood out into the surrounding tissues.
They appear as a dark red, black, or purple discoloration. It might be some days before blood rises close to the surface of the skin and be visible as a bruise. Sometimes the bruise spreads downwards under gravity. It takes 2 to 4 weeks for bruising to heal. During this process, the body reabsorbs the blood which gives rise to a variety of color changes.
Legs and arms are the most common trouble spots in as far as bruising is concerned. Bruised legs typically take longer to heal than other areas of the body such as arms and face.
An injury is an obvious cause of bruises, but what about those bruises that appear on your legs without any known causes of injury? Well, causes for frequent and unknown bruising on legs range from underlying medical conditions to lifestyle factors including:. Aging : Bruising on legs is often a consequence of the natural aging process. Older adults tend to bruise more easily than their younger counterparts.
Even a minor injury is enough to cause them significant bruising, especially those sustained to the legs, arms, feet, and forearms. This is because as the body ages, the skin becomes thinner and less flexible due to loss of fat from beneath the skin and decreased the production of collagen.
As fats decrease, their cushioning effect to blood capillaries also decline. This coupled with the skin damage from lower collagen production and longtime exposure to the sun makes blood vessels particularly vulnerable to ruptures which culminate in bruising. Medications : Aspirin and other blood thinning medications such as warfarin and clopidogrel reduce the ability of blood to clot by impairing the function of platelets.
Consequently, any damaged capillaries take longer than usual time bleeding. This allows enough blood to leak out of the capillaries, ultimately resulting in a bruise. Some dietary supplements e. Corticosteroids may also be to blame for thinning of skin which then makes it more susceptible to bruising. These include the drugs used to treat conditions such as asthma, eczema, and allergies.
Vitamin deficiency: Vitamins serve the role of co-factors in numerous body processes and having inadequate quantities of vitamins B12, C, and K can make blood vessels, particularly capillaries, weak leading to easy bruising. UV damage: The UV radiation emitted by the sun damages skin and often causes sunburn and other related problems such as dark spots, fine lines, and wrinkles. That is not all though; the damages sustained to the skin and blood vessel is often a precursor to frequent, easy and unknown bruising, so to speak.
Itching and bruising on legs or any other part of the body may be a sign of a serious liver problem called primary biliary cirrhosis, commonly abbreviated as PBC. This is an autoimmune problem that is marked by chronic inflammation and ultimately scarring of the bile ducts within the liver.
The exact cause of the condition is unknown but scientists have ruled out diet and alcohol as potential triggers.Bruises that are odd looking or in unusual places could be cause for concern. Unexplained bruising usually appears on the arms and lower legs. Sometimes only a slight bump results in a nasty bruise.
Anyone with a family member who has a bleeding disorder who also bleeds or bruises easily should discuss this with his or her health care provider. Prescription and over-the-counter medications and nutrition supplements can make you bruise more easily.
Some medications and supplements associated with bruising include:. Older adults bruise more easily because their skin is thinner and they tend to have less muscle and fat to cushion their blood vessels from injury. People who have fair skin often bruise easily. Drinking alcohol can make you more prone to easy bruising and bumping into things. Bruising occasionally indicates a more serious medical condition. Vitamin C or K deficiency, bleeding disorders such as hemophilia or Von Willebrand disease, or cancer can cause bruising.
You have systemic symptoms like fever, chills, swollen lymph nodes or unintentional weight loss along with unexplained bruising.
These spots, called purpura, are common in older adults but may be a sign of inflamed blood vessels in younger people. Bruises look like tiny dots. These bruises are called petechiae and appear when tiny blood vessels called capillaries break. They also can appear on the lower legs and may be an early sign of problems with platelets, the blood cells involved in clotting.
Bruises are getting larger with time. The bruise may be a hematoma that could continue to bleed if you take blood thinners or have a bleeding disorder.
You notice a lot more bruises than normal or bruises in unusual places. Bleeding into the joints that causes swelling or bruising may be a sign of a bleeding disorder. Bruising occurs along with other bleeding. Bruising accompanied by frequent nosebleeds that are hard to stop or blood in the urine or stool should be investigated.